Thurgood Marshall and Civil Rights by Jerome Foster, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 2005.
Thurgood Marshall was the first African American on the Supreme Court. This appointment was the result of years as an appellate judge, and then as the Solicitor General of the United States. However, his greatest triumphs came before he served on a federal level. He worked with the NAACP on several landmark Supreme Court cases. This included Marshall vs Bd of Education. This is the landmark decision which ended segregation. He also argued a key voter rights act case, Smith v Allwright. Marshall himself could not decide which decision was the most significant. However together they changed the lay of the land, and as a country we were able to move against oppressive voting discrimination as well as segregation in schools.
Thurgood Marshall, with good reason, was been called Mr. Civil Rights.